Jargon Buster - Drawn to the Wild

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Jargon Buster
AMS
    MULTI SPORT (High Altitude only)- (AMS, A.M.S.) AMS is an abbreviation of Acute Mountain Sickness; a potential serious condition that effects people whilst at high (usually over 10,000 feet) altitude.

BASE LAYER
    MULTI SPORT- (Base Layer) The layer of clothing normally worn next to the skin such as underwear, thermal leggings and tops, and vests. Usually referred to when many layers are worn such as in cold places.

BIVVY
    CAMPING- (Bivvy Bag) An ultralight weight shelter usually the size and shape of a sleeping bag that can be used to provide a waterproof place to sleep outside of a tent.
    SURVIVAL- (Bivvy) A shelter made from materials found nearby such as branches, leaves, logs, rocks or similar.
    MULTI SPORT- (Bivvy Bag) A tough waterproof bag (often coloured orange) that can be used as an emergency shelter for one or more people, particularly used to help warm up someone with hypothermia or feeling cold. Usually referred to as a survival bag.

FOOTPRINT
CAMPING- (Footprint) An extra waterproof layer that goes under the ground sheet of a tent to provide wear and tear resistance and additional waterproofing.

LID
    CLIMBING- (LID) A slang term for a helmet used to protect a persons head.

LONG DROP
    MULTI SPORT (Long Drop) A very basic toilet consisting of a deep hole dug in the ground in which waste literally ‘drops’ before being covered with top soil etc. (The term ‘Short Drop’ is sometimes also used to describe a shallow version of the long drop; usually for single use

    MID LAYER
      MULTI SPORT- (Mid Layer/s) The layer of clothing normally worn over your base layer. It often consists of medium thickness coverings of fleece, wool, or down to provide warmth and protection from the elements. It is part of the 'layering' sytem used in cold or harsh conditions.

OUTER LAYER
    MULTI SPORT- (Outer Layer/s) The outermost layers of clothing worn over the top of any Base Layers and/or Mid Layers. Usually consisting of thick and rugged materials to provide protection from rain/snow/cold etc. Usually referred to when many layers are worn in cold or harsh conditions.

PACK
    MULTI SPORT- (Pack) A shortened name for a ‘Backpack’
    MULTI SPORT- (Pack, Pack In, Pack Out) Often used in Hiking and Mountaineering as a verb to describe carrying something in a rucksack from one place to another e.g. “We will pack-out all of our rubbish”.

RACK
    CLIMBING- (Climbing Rack, Rack) A term used to describe the collection of equipment used for climbing, abseiling, rigging or associated activities.
    CAVING- (Rack, Rak) A device used almost exclusively by cavers to descend or abseil down a rope. The device is attached to the rope and the caver’s harness.

SADDLE
    MOUNTAINEERING- (Saddle) A ‘U’ shaped area between two mountain peaks.
    HORSE RIDING- (Saddle) Seat, usually made from leather on which the rider of the horse sits.
    HORSE RIDING- (Saddle Bags) A pair of bags hung from the horses ‘Saddle’ usually behind the rider.
    CYCLING- (Saddle) The seat of a bicycle, tricycle etc.
    CYCLING- (Saddle Bag) A small bag fixed to or just under the seat of a bicycle, tricycle etc.

SCRAMBLE
    MULTI SPORT- (Scramble) Term used to described climbing up through rock(s) that does not need ropes but hands and feet are needed.

SHORT DROP
    (See ‘Long Drop’)

SPRAY DECK
    KAYAKING and CANOING (Spray Deck) A flexible and waterproof/water resistant cover used to cover over the opening of the kayak or canoe to stop water getting in. Usually used in bad weather and white water. Sometimes used for covers on other types of boats too.

SUMMIT
    MOUNTAINEERING (Summit) The peak or top of a mountain (sometimes used for hills).
    MOUNTAINEERING (Summit) An action word meaning to hike or climb to the top of a mountain; i.e “We will attempt to summit the mountain tomorrow”.

WAIST BELT
    MULTI SPORT- (Waist Belt, Waist Strap) A pair of straps and buckles on a large rucksack that fasten around the waist/hips and help transfer weight off of the shoulders onto the hips and keep the backpack stable.
    CLIMBING- (Waist Belt) The strap of a climbing harness that tightens/fastens around the waist of the wearer.

WHITE OUT
    MULTI SPORT- (WHITEOUT, WHITE OUT) Term used to describe conditions of heavy snow fall, fog and low cloud (often with failing light levels) or a combination of these that seriously affect ability to see- sometimes causing problems with navigation, seeing the ground or keeping in view of other people. Most often used on mountains.
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